Santa Clarita Valley History In Pictures

Tataviam Culture

Tataviam Geography and Ethnohistory • Johnson & Earle 1990
Vasquez Rocks: The First Inhabitants from "A History of Vasquez Rocks and Vicinity" • L.A. County, 1-15-1974
Ancient Enterprises: How the Tataviam Survived & Thrived in Prehistoric SCV (Video) PCNCA Lecture by Laurie Solis, CCO Anthropology • 2-16-2014
Searching for Tataviam Answers by Katalin Szabolcsi • The Signal, 10-29-2000
    • A good work on this topic.
Tataviam Indians On The Newhall Ranch by Leon Worden • The Signal, 6-14-1995
Indian Artifacts Found in Western SCV by Leon Worden • The Signal, 8-21-1996
Prehistory of the Newhall Ranch by Leon Worden • The Signal, 8-18-1998
History Of The Tataviam by Paul Higgins • The Gazette, Jan.-Feb. 1996
The Trail to Kashtiq by John R. Johnson • Calif. Journal of Anthropology, Winter 1978
Perforated Stones from Bowers Cave by Henry W. Henshaw, 1887 (Excerpt).
We Found the Lost Indian Cave of the San Martins (Bowers Cave) by Richard F. Van Valkenburgh • Desert, January 1952
Map - Bowers Cave, Pyle Ranch, Indian Tribes. Desert Magazine, January 1952.
Archaeology & Inventory of Bowers Cave - Elsasser & Heizer, 1963.
Bowers Cave by Jerry Reynolds • The Signal, 12-14-1984
Ethnography of Castaic by Jerry Reynolds • The Signal, n.d.
Agua Dulce Man Preserves Tataviam Past by Katalin Szabolcsi • The Signal, 10-29-2000
A Comparison of Tataviam Ethnobotany at Vasquez Rocks and Placerita Canyon by Sarah Brewer Thompson • 1-19-2014
DNA Links Ancient, Modern Indians by Judy O'Rourke • The Signal, 5-22-2005
Riverpark/River Village by Newhall Land: The Artifacts by Leon Worden, 7-28-2013
    • Riverpark by Newhall Land: Draft Environmental Impact Report, Cultural Resources Section. Impact Sciences, February 2004.
L.A.-Kern Recycled Water Project EIR (2008): Paleontology, Tataviam & Kitanemuk Prehistory, AV History. 2008.
Castaic High School Site: DEIR: Cultural Resources. The Planning Center | DC&E, July 2012
    • Phase I Archaeological Investigation, Castaic High School Site. Romani 2010.

Images

JJ2003 - Diseño Map: Rancho San Francisco (SCV).
JJ2004 - Indian Village Map: Santa Clarita Valley & Environs.
JJ2005 - Tataviam Village Site Map - Santa Clarita Valley.
AP0225 - Van Valkenburgh Map of Indian Villages in the SCV, 1937.
AP0812 - Bowers Cave, ca. 1951. 4 Images.
TL0002 - Bowers Cave Artifacts at Peabody Museum, Harvard University. 4 Images.
JJ1008 - Tataviam Village Site at Piru.
RW0100 - Arrow Straightener. Found ca. 1984.
LW9550 - Vasquez Rock Art: Sun. Color Photo, 1995.
LW9551 - Vasquez Rock Art: Lizard & Rattlesnake. Color Photo, 1995.
LW9552 - Vasquez Rock Art: Volcano. Color Photo, 1995.
LW9553 - Vasquez Rock Art: Snake. Color Photo, 1995.
LW9555 - Vasquez Rock Art: White Dotted Figure. Color Photo, 1995.
LW9556 - Vasquez Rock Art: Lizard. Color Photo, 1995.
LW9557 - Vasquez Rock Art: Black Figures. Color Photo, 1995.
LW9558 - Vasquez Rock Art: Red Figure. Color Photo, 1995.
LW0070 - Fish Canyon Bedrock Mortars & Cupules (2 Views).
LW0071 - Fish Canyon Rock Shelter. 69K.
LW2066 - Tataviam Wooden Bowl. Color, 111K.
LW2597 - Tataviam Ceremonial Bar, 1970 Elderberry Canyon Dig, 4 Views.
LW2598 - Tataviam Blue Steatite Cup, 1970 Elderberry Canyon Dig, 5 Views.
LW2599 - Tataviam Projectile Points (4), 1970 Elderberry Canyon Dig.
LW9554 - Kitchen Setting (Re-creation), 1995. 99K.
MD1401 - Projectile Point, Found in Haskell Canyon 2-16-2014.
LW2632a - Grinding Stones in ex-Rubel Museum in Del Valle Winery at Rancho Camulos, 2 Views, 6-28-2014.


Other Nearby Cultures &
General/Regional Materials

LW2162 - Bering Strait / Arrival of Early Man. 3 Oversized Images.
JJ2001 - Linguistic Map: Chumash-Gabrielino-Tataviam-Kitanemuk.
JJ2002 - Map: Major Language Groups of California.
JJ1006 - Indians at Mission San Fernando: Drawing by Vischer, 1865.
JJ1007 - Mission San Fernando: Woodcut.
JJ1002 - Serrano Indian at Fort Tejon, c. 1900.
JJ1009a - Indians at Tejon: Woodcut, 1853.
JJ1005 - Gabrielino Indian Women at Mission San Fernando, c. 1900.
LW0311 - Vanyume Reburial in Palmdale, 3-11-2006 (28 Views).
LW2555 - Antelope Valley Indian Museum Building, 7 Views, 12-28-2013.


From left: Dennis Garcia, Chief Charlie Cooke, Ted Garcia Jr.

Cooke-Garcia Families
Descendants of persons who lived in the Santa Clarita Valley and environs prior to European contact in 1769. (Leading numbers denote generations, not relationships.)

1) Zenona (Purichi)
b. 1750 at Topipabit Village (Victorville)

2) Paulina (Yucruiban)
b. 1776 at Topipabit Village (Victorville); daughter of Zenona

2) Bernardina
b. 1755 at Quissaubit Village (Quail Lake)

2) Armanda
b. 1763 at Tsawayung, aka Chaguayabit Village (Castaic Junction)

3) Teofila (Gigiuco)
b. 1779 at Topipabit Village (Victorville); daughter of Paulina; married Francisco del Espirito Santo

3) Francisco del Espirito Santo
b. 1792 at San Fernando Mission; son of Bernardina; married Teofila

3) Antonia
b. 1784 at Tsawayung, aka Chaguayabit Village (Castaic Junction); daughter of Armanda; married Cornelio

3) Cornelio
b. 1778 at Tsawayung, aka Chaguayabit Village (Castaic Junction); married Antonia

4) Eugenia
b. 1817 at San Fernando Mission; daughter of Francisco del Espirito Santo and Teofila; married Ramon

4) Ramon
b. 1808 at San Fernando Mission; son of Antonia and Cornelio; married Eugenia

5) Leandra Culeta
b. March 1840 at San Fernando Mission; daughter of Eugenia and Ramon; married Juan Leyvas (1855 in Ventura)

5) Juan Leyvas
Married Leandra Culeta (1855 in Ventura); d. 1928

5) Catalina Leyvas
b. 1837 in Calfiornia; married Santiago Garcia; d. 1902 in San Fernando

5) Santiago Garcia
b. ~1833 in Stockton; mother a California Indian (father probably from Sinaloa, Mexico); married Catalina Leyvas; d. 1873 at Little Rock Creek
    • Santiago Garcia Adobe, Little Rock Creek ~1885.
    • Settlement in the Little Rock Creek Watershed (Santiago Garcia Info) by David Earle, 1-8-2003.

5) Florida Parker
California Indian; married Antonio Olme

5) Antonio Olme
Married Florida Parker

5) Trinidad Espinoza
b. at San Gabriel Mission; married William Cook

6) Josephine Leyvas
b. 1866 in San Fernando; daughter of Leanda Culeta and Juan Leyvas; married (Chief) Isodoro Garcia; d. 5-1-1952

6) (Chief) Isodoro Garcia
b. 4-4-1860 in Sacramento; son of Catalina Leyvas and Santiago Garcia; married Joephine Leyvas; d. 2-17-1946 in Oxnard

6) Sanon, Eufracia, [Isidoro], Octavia, Elasio
Children (in descending order) of Catalina Leyvas and Santiago Garcia

6) Francis Olme
b. 5-10-1865; daughter of Florida Parker and Antonio Olme; married Dolores Cook (5-30-1879); d. 3-13-1931

6) Dolores Cook
Son of Trinidad Espinoza and William Cook; married Francis Olme (5-30-1879); d. 2-28-1890 in Castaic
    • Eyewitness testimony to murder of Dolores Cook and George W. Walton Los Angeles Herald, 3-2-1890.

7) (Chief) Frances Garcia
b. 1884 in San Fernando; daughter of Josephine Leyvas and Isodoro Garcia; married Frederick S. Cooke; d. 1946 in Newhall
    • Fred & Frances Cooke's Grave Marker, Ruiz-Perea Cemetery, 7-14-2013.

7) Frederick S. Cooke
b. 3-28-1881 in Los Angeles; son of Francis Olme and Dolores Cook; married (Chief) Frances Garcia; d. 1958 in San Fernando (Note: Added "e" to surname)
    • Fred & Frances Cooke's Grave Marker, Ruiz-Perea Cemetery, 7-14-2013.

7) Petra Garcia
Daughter of Josephine Leyvas and Isodoro Garcia; married Pedro "Pete" Rivera; d. 1-23-1930

7) Pedro "Pete" Rivera
Parents were Tejon Indians; married Petra Garcia; d. March 13, 1928 (St. Francis Dam Disaster)

8) (Chief) Mary Cooke
b. ~1902; daughter of (Chief) Frances Garcia and Frederick S. Cooke; married Luis Garcia; d. 1974
    • Wm. Chormicle Sued for Slander on Behalf of Mary Cooke, Age 8 • News Reports, September 1910.

8) Della Cooke
b. 2-9-1903 in Castaic; daughter of (Chief) Frances Garcia and Frederick S. Cooke; married Ignacio "Nels" Martinez (1928); d. 4-3-1982 in San Fernando

8) Katherine Esther Cooke
b. in Newhall; daughter of (Chief) Frances Garcia and Frederick S. Cooke; married 9)Walter Balsz; d. 1920 in Saugus

8) Lyda Victoria (aka Lydia) Cooke
b. 5-31-1905 in Castaic; youngest daughter of (Chief) Frances Garcia and Frederick S. Cooke; married Steve D. Manriquez; d. 2-25-2003
* DNA match with 1,000-year-old burial at Anaverde (Palmdale)

    • Searching for Tataviam Answers by Katalin Szabolcsi • The Signal, 10-29-2000
    • Lyda Manriquez: Obituary 2003.

8) Simon Dolores "Cy" Cooke
Son of (Chief) Frances Garcia and Frederick S. Cooke; married (a) Meta Katherine "Katie" Rouff and (b) Marguerite May
* Meta Katherine "Katie" Rouff: Daughter of Katherine Meta Weber (ancestors from Alcase-Lorraine) and Nicholas Rouff (ancestors from Germany)

    • Cy Cooke, William S. Hart, Newhall Cowboys Place Marker at Ruiz Cemetery After Deadly Dam Break, 3-1928.

8) ALSO: Fred, Manuel, Isidoro (Izzy), Ernest, Joe, Benny, Bob Cooke (youngest boy)
Sons of (Chief) Frances Garcia and Frederick S. Cooke

8) Margaret Rivera
b. 9-12-1899 in Newhall; daughter of Petra Garcia and Pedro "Pete" Rivera; lived with grandparents Josephine Leyvas and Isodoro Garcia in 1910; married Eldridge Ward
* Eldridge Ward was a bee keeper along the Ridge Route (source: Caroline Ward Holland)

9) (Chief) Charles Robert "Charlie" Cooke
b. 10-2-1935 in San Mateo; son of Simon Dolores "Cy" Cooke and Meta Katherine "Katie" Rouff; married (a) Marty Wright and (b) Linda Enright; d. 9-21-2013 in Acton
    • Chief Charlie Cooke's Family Tree by Mary Gordon, 2013.
    • Chief Charlie Cooke: Obituary 2013.

9) Alvin Cooke
Son of Simon Dolores "Cy" Cooke and Meta Katherine "Katie" Rouff

9) Patricia Joyce Cooke
Daughter of Simon Dolores "Cy" Cooke and Meta Katherine "Katie" Rouff; married (Padilla); d.

9) Ted Garcia Sr.
Son of (Chief) Mary Cooke and Luis Garcia; married Ruby

9) Ernest Cooke
b. 6-17-1919 in Castaic; son of (Chief) Mary Cooke and ?; raised by grandparents (Chief) Frances Garcia and Frederick S. Cooke; married Edna Louise Balsz; d. 1-3-1982
* Edna Louise Balsz: b. 9-16-1922 in Los Angeles; daughter of Bertolo "Bert" Balsz (ancestors from Germany) and Minnie Vignola (Apache Indian); married 9)Ernest Cooke; d. 9-25-2004(?)
* Edna's siblings: Walter (married 8:Katherine Esther Cooke); Stella (married Charles "Chuck" Chacanaca); Bert, Eddie, Fred, Joe and Lizzie Balsz

9/10) Jackie, Walter Jr., Bernard and Ernest Balsz
Children of 8)Katherine Esther Cooke and 9)Walter Balsz

10) (Chief) Ted Garcia Jr.
Son of Ted Garcia Sr. and Ruby
    • Actinolite Canoe Carving by Ted Garcia (2012), at Natural History Museum, 4 Views, Photos 11-23-2013.
    • Steatite Turtle Carving by Ted Garcia (~2012), 5 Views.

10) Dennis Garcia
Son of Ted Garcia Sr. and Ruby

10) Chuck and Christine Cooke
Children of (Chief) Charles Robert "Charlie" Cooke and Marty Wright

10) Jason and Damon Cooke
Sons of (Chief) Charles Robert "Charlie" Cooke and Linda Enright

10) Ernestine Agnes Cooke
b. 7-15-1939 at Newhall Community Hospital; daughter of 9)Ernest Cooke and Edna Louise Balsz; married Dean Roger Thomas (m. 6-23-1957; Dean b. 8-9-1937 in L.A. area)

10) Susan Cooke
b. 5-1-1945; daughter of 9)Ernest Cooke and Edna Louise Balsz; married (Baker)

10) Belen Cooke
b. 12-15-1950; daughter of 9)Ernest Cooke and Edna Louise Balsz; unmarried; d. 2006

11) Leticia Thomas; Laura (Herron); Veronica (Baggette) and Scott Daniel Thomas (d.)
Children of Ernestine Agnes Cooke and Dean Roger Thomas


Sinforosa Fustero (at right) ~1910.

Fustero Ancestry

Descendants of persons who lived in the Santa Clarita Valley and environs prior to European contact in 1769.
(Leading numbers denote generations, not relationships.)

1) Conrado (Turugica)
b. ~1738 at Tumijaivit Village (unlocated)

2) Benvenuta
b. ~1771; daughter of Conrado (Turugica)

2) (Chief) Benvenuto
b. ~1777; son of Conrado (Turugica); Chief at Quissaubit (Quail Lake)

2) Georgia
b. ~1771 at Tumijaivit Village (unlocated); daughter of Conrado (Turugica); married Georgio (Jayinat)

2) Georgio (Jayinat)
b. ~1766 at Punivit Village (Elizabeth Lake); married Georgia

2) Eusebio
b. ~1731 at Tochonabit (unk.)

2) Eusebia
b. ~1741 at Tochonabit (unk.)

3) Ladislao (Nangivit)
b. ~1789 at Chisagua Village (unk.); son of Georgia and Georgio (Jayinat)

3) ?
Child of Georgia and Georgio (Jayinat)

Juan Jose Fustero's ancestry, by Johnson & Earle (1990). Click image to enlarge.

3) (Puncto), a male

3) Dionisia Aoc
b. ~1775

3) Dionisio (Napcos)
b. ~1773 at Cuecchao, aka Kwitsa'o (Tataviam village in La Liebre area, southwest Antelope Valley)

3) Tomasa (Teuteu)
b. ~1766 at Tochonabit (unk.)

3) (Chief) Jose Maria (Seuyeuyeminasu)
b. ~1792; Chief at Tochonabit (unk.); son of Eusebia and Eusebio

3) (Chief) Julio (Genuanguinasu)
b. ~1772; Chief at Pabutan (unlocated); married Faustina (Semajpeo)

3) Faustina (Semajpeo)
b. ~1781 at Piru; married (Chief) Julio (Genuanguinasu)

4) Crisanta
b. ~1797 at Tectuaguaguiyajavia (Tejon); daughter of 3)?; granddaughter of Georgia and Georgio (Jayinat); married (1821) Narciso

4) Narciso
b. ~1798 at Piribit (Piru Creek); son of 3)(Puncto); married (1821) Crisanta
* Tataviam speaker

4) Zenona (Gemiuna)
b. ~1792 at Cuecchao, aka Kwitsa'o (Tataviam village in La Liebre area, southwest Antelope Valley)

4) Zenon (Chaarnel)
b. ~1794 at Cuecchao, aka Kwitsa'o (Tataviam village in La Liebre area, southwest Antelope Valley); son of Dionisia Aoc and Dionisio (Napcos)

4) German (Genunchinugasu)
b. ~1799 at Cuecchao, aka Kwitsa'o (Tataviam village in La Liebre area, southwest Antelope Valley); son of Dionisia Aoc and Dionisio (Napcos)

4) (Chief) Estanislao (Cabuti), aka Stanislaus
b. ~1796 at Tochonanga (Newhall), later Chief at Tejon; son of Tomasa (Teuteu) and (Chief) Jose Maria (Seuyeuyeminasu)
* Tataviam speaker

Melchor's genealogy, by Johnson & Earle (1990). Click image to enlarge.

4) Also: Elias (b. ~1798), Eusebio (b. ~1793), Eudoxia (b. ~1790)
Children of Tomasa (Teuteu) and (Chief) Jose Maria (Seuyeuyeminasu)

4) Epifania (Saliyotelen)
b. ~1796 at Cuecchao, aka Kwitsa'o (Tataviam village in La Liebre area, southwest Antelope Valley); married Epifanio (Cucma), then married (Chief) Estanislao (Cabuti)

4) Epifanio (Cucma)
b. ~1795 at Pabutan (unlocated); son of Julio (Genuanguinasu) and Faustina (Semajpeo); married Epifania (Saliyotelen)

4) Nazario
b. 1811 at ?Mission; son of Julio (Genuanguinasu) and Faustina (Semajpeo); married Epifania (Saliyotelen)

5) Sinforosa
b. 1834; daughter of Crisanta and Narciso; married Jose Fustero; d. 1915
* Tataviam and Kitanemuk speaker

    • Sinforosa Fustero and Family, ~1910.
    • Sinforosa Fustero, Newhall's Tataviam Basket Maker by David Desmond • October 2000.
    • Basket (1) by Sinforosa Fustero
    • Basket (2) by Sinforosa Fustero

5) Also: Aniceto (b. 1822), Marcelina (b. 1824), Julian (b. 1829), Feliciana (b. 1829), Patricio (b. 1832), [Sinforosa], Canuta (b. 1837), Casimiro (b. 1839), Bernabe (b. 1842)
Children of Crisanta and Narciso

5) Jose Fustero
b. ~1822; son of Zanona (Gemivina) and Zenon (Chaarnel); married Sinforosa
* Kitanemuk speaker; lived either in Soledad Canyon or at the mission period camp known as "La Soledad" (Newhall)

    • See "La Soledad" on this Diseno Map (Enlarge to View) ~1843.

5) Felipa
b. 1816; daughter of Zanona (Gemivina) and Zenon (Chaarnel); married Melchor

5) Also: Francisco (b. 1811), Petra (b. 1813)
Children of Zanona (Gemivina) and Zenon (Chaarnel)

5) Melchor
b. 1824; son of (Chief) Estanislao (Cabuti) and Epifania (Saliyotelen); married (1839) Angela, later married Felipa

5) (Chief) Mateo
b. 1836; son of (Chief) Estanislao (Cabuti) and Epifania (Saliyotelen)

5) Also: Salvador (b. 1821), Sebastiana (b. 1828), Estevan (b. 1831)
Children of (Chief) Estanislao (Cabuti) and Epifania (Saliyotelen)

6) Juan Jose Fustero
b. 1850; lived at Pi'iruking (now under Lake Piru); son of Sinforosa and Jose Fustero; d. 6-30-1921
* Kitanemuk and Spanish speaker

    • Juan Jose Fustero on Horseback.
    • Juan Jose Fustero and Family.
    • Juan Jose Fustero: Death Certificate 6-30-1921.

6) Eusebio
b. 1852?; son of Melchor and Felipa; Murdered while herding sheep on Tejon Ranch

6) Miguel Elias
Son of Melchor and Felipa; married Josefa Cordero, a Yokut Indian; Imprisoned at San Quentin; Later moved to Tule Indian Reservation and married a Yawelmani Yohuts woman who gave him 2 sons

6) Also: Maria Teresa (b. 1864), Jose de Jesus (b. 1867), Maria (b. 1870), Roman, Manuel (b. 1874)
Children of Sinforosa and Jose Fustero

6) Eugenia Mendez
Cousin of Juan Jose Fustero

6) Magdalena Olivas
Cousin of Juan Jose Fustero

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