This overview of the history of Gorman was written to commemorate the 125th
anniversary of the founding of the Gorman Post Office.
The settlement of Gorman has the unique honor of being one of the oldest
continuously used roadside rest stops in California. The native people,
traveling along their ancient trail system, would have stopped there when it
was the Tataviam village of Kulshra’jek. By the early 1700s the Spanish
had been using the native trail for some time and in the 1770s Capt. Pedro
Fages wrote of passing the village as he traveled the road then called El
Camino Viejo The Old Way. The first Americanos in Alta California also
followed the Spanish in stopping to rest and feed their horses in the beautiful
mountain meadows and streams that surrounded the village now known as
Between the gold rush of the late 1840s and early 1850s, the founding of
the Indian reservation at the bottom of Grapevine Canyon in 1851, and the
founding of Fort Tejon at the top of Grapevine Canyon in 1854, the area of
the future Gorman quickly became a popular stop for the freighters and
travelers of the day.
One of the first non-Indian families known to have settled in the area was
that of Charles Johnson and his wife, Soledad Girado. When Charles died,
the location became known as Rancho la Viuda or "Widow’s Station". A
traveler stopping there in 1855 wrote of the widow and her four children
living at the site and providing for the needs of travelers.
Another family recorded there in the mid-1800s were the Reeds. In January
1857 the strongest earthquake to ever hit California centered in the nearby
Tejon Pass. It was recorded that a woman died at Reed Rancho when the
beams of the house fell on her. Reeds Rancho was also listed on early maps
as a road stop in the future area of Gorman.
The next person known to be ranching there abouts was David Alexander,
who at the time was the sheriff of Los Angeles County. Mr. Alexander, whose
brother ran the post store at Fort Tejon, had a freighting company that made
deliveries from the harbor at San Pedro to points north so a ranch at the top
of the San Emigdio Mountains would have been an important rest stop for his
By the time the Reservation and Fort closed in the mid-1860s, James
Gorman had settled in the community that now bears his name. Mr. Gorman
was from Ireland and had served at Fort Tejon as a civilian teamster and
herder and while in the area no doubt decided to settle in the beautiful
mountain valley to the south of the Fort.
Gorman met his wife, Johanna O’Keefe, also from Ireland, when buying
supplies in Los Angeles and they were to have three sons and a daughter.
The Gormans built, or moved into, a large log house that sat between the
road and along the mountain stream running through the area. The house
had rooms for travelers upstairs and a large dining room downstairs where
meals were served. In 1876, only eight years after their marriage, James
Gorman died when he was run over by his wagon as he was returning from
Los Angeles with a load of supplies. The next year James and Johanna’s
little girl was to die as well.
The first post office was established at "Gorman’s Station" in December
1877 with Henry Gorman, probably James’ brother, as the first postmaster.
With the help of her brother-in-law and her sons, Johanna continued to run
the family farm and the roadside "way station" until her death in 1889.
With the closing of Fort Tejon the economy of the area shifted to mining and
the community of Gorman became the main source of supplies, services and
entertainment for the many miners of the Hungry Valley and Frazier
Mountain areas. By this time the settlement consisted of a store, post office,
saloon, blacksmith shop, stable, hotel and numerous homes and ranch
buildings. In the 1890’s, writer Mary Austin wrote of the town: "We took
dinner at ‘Hell’, a supply station and hostelry, known sometimes as ‘Gorman’."
The Gorman brothers sold their property to Oscar Ralphs in 1898. Mr.
Ralphs and his brothers had established the Ralphs Markets in Los Angeles
in the early 1890s. Another property owner in the area by this time was
James McKenzie. His oldest daughter, Mary, married Mr. Ralphs in 1901.
They lived in the Gorman family home with their nine children and
established a dynasty that has carried on for over 100 years.
In the early 1900s James McKenzie was running the post office and store
from where he would sell gasoline in cans for the many horseless carriages
and motorized wagons beginning to pass by. When the road through Gorman
was finally paved in 1919, the growing number of trucks and automobiles
brought a good deal more traffic to Gorman Station. In 1923 the first gasoline
station was built there by Standard Oil. It was the company’s first such
station in the state to be located away from a railroad site, to where the fuel
was delivered by train tanker cars and stored. The oldest Ralphs son, Lloyd,
is quoted as having said, "They pioneered country stations when they put this
Lloyd Ralphs Sr. was also the one to expand and improve the roadside
businesses for the family. The Greyhound Stage and Bus Line made its
stops at the Pickwick Restaurant, where the Ralphs provided dormitories for
employees and cabins for travelers. There was no bar in the community
during Prohibition, but Lloyd once said, "We did have a few bootleggers come
around once in a while."
A famous guest of note in 1930 was Charles Lindbergh. The Lindbergh
Camp was established on the northeast side of the Gorman hills, from where
he tested and flew a glider. The folded-wing Albatross was pulled to the
camp behind a Studebaker sedan on a specially constructed trailer. The
Bakersfield newspaper reported, "The corps of newsreel men and
photographers had spent a sleepless night awaiting the famous flyer."
Lindbergh had just completed his celebrated transatlantic flight the year
School had been held in various locations around Gorman for decades but in
1938 the present school building was built as a WPA project in the smallest
school district in Los Angeles County. The building also served as a
community meeting center and, during World War II, as the air-raid shelter. The
Gorman community ball team played other area teams at the school’s ball
field through the 1930s and 40s.
Being located on the busiest highway in California, the people of Gorman
knew well the need for an ambulance, as so many of the injured were brought
to their homes. An ambulance service was established in 1932 with the
purchase of an old Packard automobile that was converted into an
emergency unit, equipped with one stretcher. The ambulance could be
reached through the switchboard at the motel, and whoever was available
would drive it.
Gorman continues to be a popular roadside rest stop for the travelers of
today’s interstate highway. Based on the post office being established in
1877, Gorman celebrated the 125 anniversary of its founding in 2002.
A pictorial display of Gorman’s history is on display at the Ridge
Route Communities Museum, along with a great deal of information on the community.