"Geological Map of the Tejon Pass & Cañada de las Uvas and the Vicinity. Including
the Pass of San Francisquito & Williamsons Pass." Printed in 1856 as part of the "Reports
of Explorations and Surveys, to Ascertain the Most Practicable and Economical Route for a Railroad
from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, Made under the Direction of the Secretary of War, in
1853-54, According to Acts of Congress of March 3, 1853, May 31, 1854, and August 5, 1854. Volume 5.
Washington: A.O.P. Nicholson, Printer, 1856." House of Representatives: Thirty-Third Congress, 2nd Session,
Ex. Doc. No. 91.
The map shows information derived from John C. Frémont's expedition of 1844, under President John
Tyler, and of Lt. R.S. Williamson, of the Corps of Topographical Engineers (later called the Army Corps of
Engineers), under the direction of newly appointed War Secretary Jefferson Davis.
Of note: Cañada de las Uvas, above center to the west, is Grapevine Pass (Uvas=grapes). At top, east, is
"Tah-ee-chay-pay Pass," aka Tehachapi. Below center, west, Cajon de Tenoco is Piru Creek. Williamson's
Pass, named by him in 1853, is at the head of Soledad Canyon, where it feeds into the Mojave Desert. This is probably
where one of the Jayhawkers, William Robinson, died a few years earlier, as detailed in The
Forty-Niners in Death Valley: A Tentative Census.
Williamson also named the "New Pass" on his
1853 expedition (later called the Newhall Pass), and while in
Soledad Canyon, he identified the unarmored
threespine stickleback fish as a separate species thus its
scientific name, Gasterosteus aculeatus williamsoni.
Key to map: As shown, pink represents "Granite and Metamorphic." Blue-green is "Porphyry and Greenstone."
Striped blue-green is "Limestone, Metamor(phi)c." Orange is "Uplifted Sandstone probably Eocene." Yellow
is "Drift Detritus." By T. Sinclair's lith(ography), Phila(delphia).
Fronticepiece to the Congressional report:
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESFebruary 14, 1855.
Resolved, that there be printed, for the use of the House, ten thousand
copies of the reports of surveys for a railroad to the Pacific, made under the diretion of the
Secretary of War, embracing the report of F.W. Lander, civil engineer, of a survey of a railroad
route from Puget's Sound, by Fort Hall and the Great Salt lake, to the Mississippi river; and the
report of J.C. Frémont, of a route for a railroad from the head-waters of the Arkansas river
into the State of California; together with the maps and plates accompanying each of said reports
necessary to illustrate them.
Clerk of the House of Representatives of the United States.
THIRTY-SECOND CONGRESS, SECOND SESSIONChapter 98.
Sect. 10. And be it further enacted,
That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby authorized, under the diretion of the President
of the United States, to employ such portion of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, and such
other persons as he may deem necessary, to make such explorations and surveys as he may deem
advisable, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the
Mississippi river to the Pacific ocean, and that the sum of one hundred and
fifty thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be, and the same is hereby,
appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, to defray the expense
of such explorations and surveys.
Approved March 3, 1853.
THIRTY-THIRD CONGRESS, FIRST SESSIONChapter 60.
Appropriation: For deficiencies for the railroad
surveys between the Mississippi river and the Pacific ocean, forty thousand dollars.
Approved May 31, 1854.
THIRTY-THIRD CONGRESS, SECOND SESSIONChapter 267.
Appropriation: For continuing
the explorations and surveys to ascertain the best route for a railway to the Pacific,
and for completing the reports of surveys already made, the sum of one hundred and fifty
Approved August 5, 1854.