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Ygnacio del Valle, Landowner
Rancho San Francisco


Ygnacio Ramón de Jesus del Valle (sometimes spelled Ignacio) was born July 1, 1808 in Jalisco, Mexico, to Lt. Antonio Seferino del Valle and María Josepha (Carillo) del Valle. In March 1828, Ygnacio was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Mexican Army and rose to the rank of captain in command of the presidio at San Diego and chief customs house officer. Antonio was at Monterey; in a power play between their commanders in 1832, the two lieutenants Del Valle faced each other. Ygnacio won, and father and son would never speak to each other again.

After Mexico won its war for independence against Spain, Antonio was assigned to inventory former mission properties. He quit the army and petitioned Gov. Juan B. Alvarado to grant him some of the mission property: the 48,829-acre Rancho San Francisco, consisting of the western Santa Clarita Valley and portions of Ventura County easterly to the Piru area.

Antonio took formal possession on Jan. 22, 1839 (although it may have been considered "his" as early as 1824) and became one of fewer than 400 private landowners in California. Antonio moved his new family (he remarried, to the much younger Jacoba Feliz) moved into the rancho, where he lived until his death on June 21, 1841.

With a widow and eight children to battle over the estate, Antonio, on his deathbed, dispatched a message to his number-one son, Ygnacio, offering him various properties including the Rancho San Francisco. Before Ygnacio could reply, Antonio died without having left a will. Jacoba married José Salazár and sued; a judge awarded awarded 13,599 acres to Ygnacio (the westernmost section), 21,307 acres to Jacoba and 4,684 acres to each of Jacoba's six children. Although he occasionally visited, it was 1861 before Ygnacio would move permanently into the adobe home on his property (the section known as Camulos, near Piru along today's State Route 126, about 10 miles west of Interstate 5).

Instead, Ygnacio lived at Los Angeles, where he was mayor.

Acutally, Ygnacio was a California state legislator, too: When statehood came in 1850, Ygnacio served a short stint in the first Legislature. But this was just a part-time job at the time, and most landowners didn't stick it out for more than a year or two. Ygnacio's real interests lay in Los Angeles.

Ygnacio's tenure at the helm of Los Angeles may best be remembered for his attempt to clean up the city. In the early 1850s,Ygnacio formed the California Rangers. Headed by Major Horace Bell, the captains were William W. Jenkins (who would later own a large ranch in Castaic); William Reader, and Cyrus Lyon (twin brother of Sanford, an early Newhall entrepreneur. For these two would Lyons Avenue be named — although misspelled). The Rangers cleaned up, all right, meting out frontier justice (constitutional rights and probable cause be damned) so effectively that in two years the Rangers disbanded.

Back at the ranch, things weren't going so well. Flooding ravaged the ranches of Southern California ranchers in the late 1850s and early '60s; cattle died, and ranchers mortgaged their properties to the hilt. William Wolfskill held the paper to the properties owned by Jacoba Feliz and José Salazár. In 1861 Wolfskill cut a deal with Ygnacio that paid off the Salazár's debts and gave Ygnacio the western five-elevenths of the Rancho San Francisco. Gen. Edward F. Beale had already picked up the deed to Rancho Tejon to satisfy some of the Del Valle creditors.

But the reprieve was short-lived. Drought came in 1862 and would last three years. Most of the cattle died, and again the Rancho San Francisco was deep in debt. Ygnacio lost the ranch to his financiers, who sold it to some oil speculators. They didn't find what they were looking for (oil wasn't discovered on the ranch until 1933), and after changing hands a few times, the land ultimately went in 1875 to an auctioneer-turned-railroad tycoon from San Francisco ... named Henry Mayo Newhall.


City of Los Angeles
Offices Held by Ygnacio del Valle

Listed chronologically by term in office • Source: City of Los Angeles

City Council: Member
Elected: May 04, 1852 • Completed: May 03, 1853

Vaccination Committee: Member
Appointed: June 08, 1852 • Completed: May 03, 1853

Health Committee: Member
Appointed: August 12, 1852 • Completed: May 03, 1853

Land and Lots Committee: Member
Appointed: October 02, 1852 • Completed: May 03, 1853

Canal Improvement And Repairs Committee: Member
Appointed: January 17, 1853 • Completed: May 03, 1853

Investigation Committee (Water Claims): Member
Appointed: March 03, 1853 • Completed: May 03, 1853

Examination Committee: Member
Appointed: April 16, 1853 • Completed: May 03, 1853

City of Los Angeles (Appointed): Election Inspector
Appointed: June 09, 1853 • Completed: May 04, 1854

City Council: Member
Elected: May 07, 1856 • Resigned: December 15, 1856

Streets Committee: Member
Appointed: May 10, 1856 • Transferred: June 23, 1856

Lands Committee: Member
Appointed: May 10, 1856 • Resigned: December 15, 1856

Police Committee: Member
Added: June 23, 1856 • Resigned: December 15, 1856

Legal Investigation Committee (Of city's contract with Mr. Brent): Member
Appointed: December 05, 1856 • Resigned: December 15, 1856

City Square Improvement Committee: Member
Appointed: January 03, 1859 • Completed: May 09, 1859

DEL VALLE FAMILY

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Ygnacio 1808-1880

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Del Valle Branding Iron, RSF 1830s-40s x5

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Reginaldo 1854-1938

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